In15th century Scotland the game of "gowf" was born. Around 1744, the Company of Gentlemen Golfers, established in Edinburgh, then codified the first rules of play. And the world has never been the same since. Golf is one of the most popular sports in the world; played in countries as far flung as Mexico and Ireland, South Africa and China. And, of course, Scotland. There are even universities that offer a major in Golf.